In the simple words, our most modern family, a vacuum is a trusted partner. The work of this machine keeps our house clean every day. Have you ever wonder, “how does a vacuum cleaner work physics?” Well, we will discover the physics in vacuum cleaner together in this article.
1. How Does a Vacuum Cleaner Work Physics?
In a simple word, our household cleaner works like what happens when you drink water with a straw. The pressure in the straw is lower than that in the outside atmosphere. This higher air pushes the liquid down and the water rises up along the straw. That means the negative pressure is produced by the inner motor does this progress. The machine sucks up all the dust and dirt on the floor and keeps all those dirty particles in the bag.
The physics in a vacuum cleaner is the negative pressure. The air inside a vacuum is blown by the fan motor. It flows from the outside atmosphere to the inside body of the machine. And then the air exhales back to the environment. All of the vacuum cleaners in the world use this theory to clean up our house. If you want to know more about the operation of this machine, keep reading until the end of this article.
2. The Negative Pressure
This pressure makes the vacuum be the special one. Let’s imagine that you are drinking your favorite soft drink with a straw. You have to suck up the liquid through the straw, right? When sucking, this action creates the negative pressure inside the straw. That pushes the water up and lets it come to your mouth.
This is the same as what happens inside the working vacuum. During the job, you will notice that the machine suction has the flowing air. That is the time when the vacuum is making the negative air to collect the dirt on the floor.
3. The Operation Of Components
To do the effective job of the whole cleaning progress, the vacuum cleaner needs some main components. Without them, this nifty machine cannot work properly.
The Inner Motor
The powerful motor is an important part of the cleaner. We can tell that without this part, our vacuum is not the machine we know. This motor is also the correct answer to the question “how does a vacuum cleaner work physics?”
The electric motor uses the electric circulation to spin a fan inside a vacuum. This fan spins constantly and creates the flow of air which we call the negative air. Besides sucking the dirty things, the machine catches them up and let the purified air go out. As a result, we can clean up the surface of the floor without pushing the dust, hair, and kibbles everywhere into the air.
In addition, during the cleaning job, the vacuum keeps the dirt in its dustbin or dust bag. You can feel relieved that there is no need to run after the machine and collect all these dirty particles.
The filter also plays a crucial part in the cleaner’s effectiveness. It works like a sieve that catches all the dust during the sucking process. As we mentioned above, the vacuum creates a circulation of flowing air through the body of it.
If this machine does not have a filter inside it, the work of a vacuum will harm to human’s health. The reason for this problem is that a vacuum cleaner blows up not only the air but also the dirt and invisible particles like fine dust and allergen. They can damage our lung if we breathe in this contaminated atmosphere.
Well, with the innovation of technology, we do not worry about this issue anymore. Commonly, the manufacturer has already installed this component into the vacuum before it comes to your home. We can live in a fresh and clean environment while the handy machine is doing its job.
The Suction Attachments
Last but not least, this part of the vacuum is also really necessary component. The head of the attachment determines the efficiency of the cleaning job. Due to the way the air flows, the negative pressure will affect specified areas.
If you are aiming to buy a powerful vacuum, you must check out the suction of it. As the air goes through the point of the attachment, the power of the pressure air depends on this size of the suction. The smaller the head is, the higher the effectiveness the vacuum has.
In short, I am sure that you have the right answer for the question “how does a vacuum cleaner work physics?” There are many different models of vacuums on the market, but the main motors of them are similar. With this useful information, you can understand exactly how the vacuum cleaner tidies up our house.